Surgical oncological is a very broad field of surgery generally used to treat oncology cancer; it mainly deals with the surgical management of cancers, particularly malignant tumors. It has become one of the most popular cancer treatments and is preferred by many cancer doctors due to its effective rate in reducing death rates and improving quality of life.
Onco surgery is used for different types of malignancies; it may also be used as a routine procedure, or as a treatment for a specific type of cancer. While oncologist typically deals with tumors as a result of cancer, oncology surgery may also be used in conjunction with chemotherapy to treat tumors that are not related to cancer. The types of oncogenesis surgery depend on the type of cancer.
In Onco Surgery, oncologists remove tumor through surgery (removal of cancer) or by cauterization. In some cases, Oncology surgeons may remove the tumor surgically without any further intervention; in other cases, they may perform a procedure called a lumpectomy and sclerotherapy. Lumpectomy and sclerotherapy are a technique in which surgical agents are injected into the tumor. The agents cause inflammation, and if left untreated, can sometimes destroy the tumor, or cause permanent scarring in the affected area. These types of Oncologie surgery are very commonly used in treating malignant tumors such as breast cancer and colorectal cancer, but also are often used to remove tumors that are not connected to cancer, such as benign tumors found in the colon, rectum, and bladder. In addition, a surgeon may also remove tumors from the intestines of an individual who has malignant polyps.
Oncology surgery is commonly performed on individuals who have tumors that are more than 2 cm. in diameter, and who are considered high risk. Some patients who undergo Oncologie surgery undergo chemotherapy, radiation, and surgical excision to remove the tumors, although these are rarely used in Oncology surgeries.
Oncologie surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia and involves local or general anesthesia. An anesthesiologist is usually anesthesiologist or assistant; it is very common for Oncologie surgery to take place under general anesthesia. Patients who undergo Oncologie surgery under general anesthesia are fully awake and alert, and have normal blood pressure. Complications are uncommon, but they do occur at some point during Oncologie surgery.
Most common complications from Oncologie Surgery are infection, bleeding, anesthesia-related death, bleeding of the incision, swelling, wound deformation, bowel obstruction, and loss of sensation of the affected area. Most patients can resume their normal activities shortly after the surgery.